Skip to main content Skip to left navigation Skip to footer
Skip Left Navigation

Browse by Topic

Prevention and Cessation of Tobacco Use in Children and Adolescents, Primary Care Interventions, 2020

* Indicates an old grade definition


Recommendations: Primary Care Interventions for the Prevention and Cessation of Tobacco Use in Children and Adolescents

  • Prevention and Cessation of Tobacco Use in Children and Adolescents: Primary Care Interventions –School-Aged Children and Adolescents
    Grade: B
    Specific Recommendations:

    The USPSTF recommends that primary care clinicians provide interventions, including education or brief counseling, to prevent initiation of tobacco use among school-aged children and adolescents.

    Frequency of Service:

    No Frequency of Service information currently available.

    Risk Factor Information:

    All youth are considered at risk of initiating tobacco use. Interventions to prevent the initiation of tobacco use should be provided to all youth who have not started using tobacco products yet, regardless of the presence or absence of other risk factors. The following risk factors may increase the risk of tobacco use in youth: being male, white race, not college-bound, from a rural area, having parents with lower levels of education, parental smoking, having childhood friends who smoke, being an older adolescent, experiencing highly stressful events, and perceiving tobacco use as low risk.18,19

  • Prevention and Cessation of Tobacco Use in Children and Adolescents: Primary Care Interventions –School-Aged Children and Adolescents
    Grade: I
    Specific Recommendations:

    The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of primary care--feasible interventions for the cessation of tobacco use among school-aged children and adolescents.

    See the Practice Considerations section for more information on effective interventions to prevent initiation of tobacco use and for suggestions for practice regarding the I statement.

    Frequency of Service:

    No Frequency of Service information currently available.

    Risk Factor Information:

    No Risk Factor Information currently available.

Prevention TaskForce

You are now leaving Prevention TaskForce website and going to
This website contains links to other federal and state agencies and private organizations. The United States Prevention Services Taskforce (USPSTF) cannot attest to the accuracy of information provided by these website links. Linking to other sites does not constitute an endorsement by USPSTF of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the sites. You will be subject to the destination site's privacy policy when you leave the Prevention TaskForce website.

Continue Cancel