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Intimate Partner Violence, Elder Abuse, and Abuse of Vulnerable Adults, Screening, 2018

* Indicates an old grade definition


Recommendations: Screening for Intimate Partner Violence, Elder Abuse, and Abuse of Vulnerable Adults

  • Intimate Partner Violence, Elder Abuse, and Abuse of Vulnerable Adults, Screening -- Women of reproductive age
    Grade: B
    Specific Recommendations:

    The USPSTF recommends that clinicians screen for intimate partner violence (IPV) in women of reproductive age and provide or refer women who screen positive to ongoing support services.

    See the Clinical Considerations section for more information on effective ongoing support services for IPV and for information on IPV in men.

    Frequency of Service:

    The USPSTF found no evidence on appropriate intervals for screening. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) of screening and interventions for IPV often screen for current IPV or IPV in the past year.

     

    Risk Factor Information:

    All women of reproductive age are at potential risk for IPV and should be screened. There are a variety of factors that increase risk of IPV, such as exposure to violence as a child, young age, unemployment, substance abuse, marital difficulties, and economic hardships.


    Risk factors for elder abuse include isolation and lack of social support, functional impairment, and poor physical health. For older adults, lower income and living in a shared living environment with a large number of household members (other than a spouse) are associated with an increased risk of financial and physical abuse.

  • Intimate Partner Violence, Elder Abuse, and Abuse of Vulnerable Adults, Screening --Older or vulnerable adults
    Grade: I
    Specific Recommendations:

    The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for abuse and neglect in all older or vulnerable adults.

     

    See the Clinical Considerations section for suggestions for practice regarding the I statement.

    Frequency of Service:

    No Frequency of Service information currently available.

    Risk Factor Information:

    Risk factors for elder abuse include isolation and lack of social support, functional impairment, and poor physical health.14 For older adults, lower income and living in a shared living environment with a large number of household members (other than a spouse) are associated with an increased risk of financial and physical abuse.15

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