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Vision in Children Ages 6 Months to 5 Years, Screening, 2017

* Indicates an old grade definition


Recommendations: Screening for Vision in Children Ages 6 Months to 5 Years

  • Vision in Children: Screening -- 3 - 5 years
    Grade: B
    Specific Recommendations:

    The USPSTF recommends vision screening at least once in all children aged 3 to 5 years to detect amblyopia or its risk factors.

    Frequency of Service:

    Recommends vision screening at least once in all children aged 3 to 5 years to detect amblyopia or its risk factor.

    Risk Factor Information:

    Risk factors for amblyopia include strabismus; high, uncorrected refractive errors (eg, myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism); anisometropia; and media opacity.1-3 Additional risk factors associated with amblyopia, strabismus, or refractive errors include family history in a first-degree relative, prematurity, low birth weight, maternal substance abuse, maternal smoking during pregnancy, and low levels of parental education.18-13

  • Vision in Children: Screening -- younger than 3 years
    Grade: I
    Specific Recommendations:

    The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of vision screening in children younger than 3 years.

    Frequency of Service:

    No Frequency of Service information currently available.

    Risk Factor Information:

    No Risk Factor Information currently available.

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