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Latent Tuberculosis Infection, Screening, 2016

* Indicates an old grade definition

Recommendations: Screening for Latent Tuberculosis Infection

  • Latent Tuberculosis Infection: Screening -- Asymptomatic adults at increased risk for infection
    Grade: B
    Specific Recommendations:

    The USPSTF recommends screening for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in populations at increased risk.

    Frequency of Service:

    The USPSTF found no evidence on the optimal frequency of screening for LTBI. Depending on specific risk factors, screening frequency could range from 1-time only screening among persons who are at low risk for future tuberculosis exposure to annual screening among those who are at continued risk of exposure.

    Risk Factor Information:

    increased risk for LTBI based on increased prevalence of active disease and increased risk of exposure include persons who were born in, or are former residents of, countries with increased tuberculosis prevalence and persons who live in, or have lived in, high-risk congregate settings (eg, homeless shelters and correctional facilities). Clinicians can consult their local or state health departments for more information about populations at risk in their community, because local demographic patterns may vary across the United States.

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