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Vitamin, Mineral, and Multivitamin Supplements for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer, Preventive Medication, 2014

* Indicates an old grade definition


Recommendations: Vitamin, Mineral, and Multivitamin Supplements for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer

  • Vitamin Supplements for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer: β-carotene or Vitamin E
    Grade: D
    Specific Recommendations:

    The USPSTF recommends against the use of β-carotene or vitamin E supplements for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or cancer. 

    Frequency of Service:

    No Frequency of Service information currently available.

    Risk Factor Information:

    No Risk Factor Information currently available.

  • Vitamin Supplements for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer: Multivitamins
    Grade: I
    Specific Recommendations:

    The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of the use of multivitamins for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or cancer.

    Frequency of Service:

    No Frequency of Service information currently available.

    Risk Factor Information:

    No Risk Factor Information currently available.

  • Vitamin Supplements for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer: Single- or Paired-nutrients
    Grade: I
    Specific Recommendations:

    The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of the use of single- or paired-nutrient supplements (except β-carotene and vitamin E) for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or cancer.

    Frequency of Service:

    No Frequency of Service information currently available.

    Risk Factor Information:

    No Risk Factor Information currently available.

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