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Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Screening, 2014

* Indicates an old grade definition


Recommendations: Screening for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

  • Gestational Diabeetes Mellitus: Screening -- Pregnant Women After 24 Weeks of Gestation
    Grade: B
    Specific Recommendations:

    The USPSTF recommends screening for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in asymptomatic pregnant women after 24 weeks of gestation.

    Frequency of Service:

    No Frequency of Service information currently available.

    Risk Factor Information:

    Several factors increase a woman's risk for developing GDM, including obesity, increased maternal age, history of GDM, family history of diabetes, and belonging to an ethnic group that has increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (Hispanic, Native American, South or East Asian, African American, or Pacific Island descent).

    Factors associated with a lower risk for developing GDM include age younger than 25 to 30 years, white race, a body mass index (BMI) of 25 kg/m2 or less, no family history (that is, in a first-degree relative) of diabetes, and no history of glucose intolerance or adverse pregnancy outcomes related to GDM.

  • Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Screening -- Pregnant Women Before 24 Weeks of Gestation
    Grade: I
    Specific Recommendations:

    The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for GDM in asymptomatic pregnant women before 24 weeks of gestation.

    Frequency of Service:

    No Frequency of Service information currently available.

    Risk Factor Information:

    Several factors increase a woman's risk for developing GDM, including obesity, increased maternal age, history of GDM, family history of diabetes, and belonging to an ethnic group that has increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (Hispanic, Native American, South or East Asian, African American, or Pacific Island descent).

    Factors associated with a lower risk for developing GDM include age younger than 25 to 30 years, white race, a body mass index (BMI) of 25 kg/m2 or less, no family history (that is, in a first-degree relative) of diabetes, and no history of glucose intolerance or adverse pregnancy outcomes related to GDM.

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