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Hypertension in Children and Adolescents, Screening, 2013

* Indicates an old grade definition

Recommendations: Screening for Primary Hypertension in Children and Adolescents

  • Hypertension: Screening -- Children and Adolescents
    Grade: I
    Specific Recommendations:

    The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for primary hypertension in asymptomatic children and adolescents to prevent subsequent cardiovascular disease in childhood or adulthood.

    Frequency of Service:

    Several organizations recommend routine screening of blood pressure at well-child visits starting at age 3 years, based on consensus.

    Risk Factor Information:

    The strongest risk factor for primary hypertension in children and adolescents is elevated body mass index. Other risk factors include low birhweight, male sex, ethnicity, and family history of hypertension.

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